Irland Sport Inhaltsverzeichnis
Neben Rugby und. Fußball ist eine Ballsportart, bei der zwei Mannschaften mit dem Ziel gegeneinander antreten, mehr Tore als der Gegner zu erzielen und so das Spiel zu gewinnen. Die Spielzeit ist üblicherweise zweimal 45 Minuten, zuzüglich Nachspielzeit und. Sport in Irland - Welches ist der beliebteste Sport in Irland? Gaelic Football, Hurling, Rugby, Golf oder Horse Racing? Finde es heraus. Hurling (irisch: Iomáint, Iománaíocht) ist ein Mannschaftssport keltischen Ursprungs, der mit Schlägern und einem Ball gespielt wird. Es wird hauptsächlich in Irland gespielt und ist eine der schnellsten Mannschaftssportarten der Welt. Dennoch sah der spätere Gründer der Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), Michael. Er wird hauptsächlich in Irland ausgeübt, wo er neben Hurling eine der populärsten einheimischen Sportarten ist. Die Organisation des Sports obliegt der Gaelic.
Sport in Irland - Welches ist der beliebteste Sport in Irland? Gaelic Football, Hurling, Rugby, Golf oder Horse Racing? Finde es heraus. Rugby, Pferderennen, GAA: Leidenschaft und Leistung kennzeichnen den Sport in Irland. Beginnen Sie Ihre Reise in die Welt des irischen Sports – von Irlands. Die Iren lieben Sport, vor allem ihren eigenen: Die sogeannten Gaelic Games, besonders Gaelic Football und Hurling - Sportarten mit.
The Ireland national team is composed of players from both Northern Ireland and the Republic, and the Irish Rugby Football Union governs the sport throughout the island.
Success at international level and the establishment of four professional teams has increased interest in rugby union as a sport in Ireland.
Amateur boxers account for sixteen of Ireland's 31 Olympic medals , including two Olympic gold medals. The latter is among the world's most successful female boxers, and Taylor has won five European Championships and four World Championships, as well as the inaugural women's lightweight gold at the Olympics.
Denis Horgan won the shot putt 13 times at the AAAs , still holding a title for greatest number of individual titles won , before emigrating to the United States where he won a number of American titles.
Horgan also broke the world record on several occasions and silver at the Olympics. Bob Tisdall also won gold for Ireland in , competing in the m hurdles.
The Dublin Marathon and Belfast Marathon are run annually and are two of the most popular athletics events in the country.
The Women's Mini Marathon in Dublin consistently gets upwards of competitors. The various equestrian sports have a sizeable following in Ireland.
The governing body is Horse Sport Ireland formerly the Equestrian Federation of Ireland , which is composed of 15 Irish affiliate bodies, representing all facets of equestrian sport.
These sports include show jumping , eventing , dressage , endurance riding , para-equestrian , polo and carriage driving.
Overall administration of Irish horse-racing is carried out by Horse Racing Ireland. Horse Racing Ireland is responsible for racing in both the Republic of Ireland , which has 24 racecourses, and in Northern Ireland , which has 2 racecourses.
Ireland's top tracks are the Curragh and Fairyhouse. The breeding industry including the world's largest thoroughbred breeding operation, Coolmore Stud has produced many top race horses.
There are over golf clubs throughout the island, and over courses in the Republic of Ireland. Ireland was the first country to organise the sport on a national basis.
Golf is regularly televised in Ireland, with both domestic and international events broadcast. The most prestigious tournament of Ireland is the Irish Open , which is held on courses in the four provinces.
Two other golfers, both from Northern Ireland, have had international successes in the 21st century. Rory McIlroy has several major tournament wins, including the U.
Open , setting 11 Open records. He was world number one in the Official World Golf Ranking for 95 weeks. Graeme McDowell won the U.
Open , becoming the first player from either side of the Irish border to win the U. Open , as well as the first European to win that event since England's Tony Jacklin in Cricket has been played in Ireland since the early 19th century, and the game against Scotland a match which has first-class status has been played annually since The sport is organised on an all-island basis and is overseen by the Irish Cricket Union , founded in its present incarnation in Ireland has entered some domestic English tournaments since the early s, but becoming an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council in paved the way for participation in international competition.
Ireland co-hosted the Cricket World Cup. It is most popular in Northern Ireland and Dublin. The Ireland cricket team was among the associate nations that qualified for the Cricket World Cup.
It defeated Pakistan and finished second in its pool, earning a place in the Super 8 stage of the competition. Kevin O'Brien scored the fastest century in World Cup history runs off 63 balls , as Ireland produced one of the great upsets to defeat England by 3 wickets in the tournament.
In , domestic cricket in Ireland was recognized as first-class cricket for the first time, and was granted Test status in Prior to the granting of Test status, a number of Irish cricketers went to England to play Test cricket , including Eoin Morgan from Dublin, who captained the English cricket team to Cricket World Cup success.
Field hockey known in Ireland as just "hockey" is played throughout the country, particularly in secondary schools.
The governing body in Ireland is the Irish Hockey Association. Australian rules football has gained a following in Ireland which has increased mainly due to the International rules series that takes place annually between Australia and Ireland.
The Irish Green Machine became inaugural International champions in The ICU promotes Chess in Ireland and maintains the chess rating for players in Ireland, which are published three times a year.
It runs competitions such as the Irish Chess Championship and selects teams to participate in international competitions for Ireland.
Croquet was first played in Ireland in the s. The governing association of the sport is the Croquet Association of Ireland. Most international matches and large tournaments are played at the Carrickmines Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, near Dublin.
Mountain biking is supported by a number of dedicated trail centers in Wicklow, Dublin, Galway and Tipperary. Extreme sports undertaken in Ireland include skateboarding , rollerblading , surfing , BMX , mountain biking , mountain boarding , kitesurfing and wakeboarding.
Since , skateparks for skateboarding, rollerblading, and other sports have been developed in several places, including in Greystones, Bushy park Dublin and Lucan Dublin.
Modular parks can be found in other parts of Ireland. Greyhound racing began in Ireland in ; there were greyhound races in Celtic Park in Belfast on 18 April of that year and the Shelbourne Park greyhound stadium opened in Dublin four weeks later.
Hare coursing was already a well established sport in the country and greyhounds were bred for racing in Ireland from the very start.
Mick the Miller , winner of the English Derby in and , was an Irish greyhound and Ireland continues to export greyhounds.
There are twenty licensed greyhound stadiums in Ireland. This is a semi-state body and was established by the Irish government in The three stadiums in Northern Ireland are licensed by the Irish Coursing Club , which also organises hare coursing throughout the Island.
There are 83 registered gymnastics clubs in Ireland including Northern Ireland. Gymnastics includes four Olympic disciplines, women's artistic gymnastics, men's artistic gymnastics, trampoline gymnastics, and rhythmic gymnastics, and four non-Olympic disciplines, acrobatic gymnastics, tumbling gymnastics, gymnastics for all, and sports aerobics.
The most successful Irish gymnast ever is Rhys McClenaghan. In , he became the first Irish gymnast to qualify to a world championships final and to also win a medal, taking bronze on pommel horse.
In addition to his world medal, McClenaghan is the first Irish gymnast to compete in a European final and also the first to win a European medal.
In , he qualified for the Olympics in Tokyo. Taekwondo and Karate are represented by various clubs throughout the country. The All-Ireland Taekwondo Association works to promote the sport and to organise competitions.
It was recognised by the Irish Sports Council as a national governing body of sport in under the auspices of the Irish Martial Arts Commission.
Motorsport also has a presence in Ireland with Motorsport Ireland being the governing body throughout the country.
At national and club level, rallying draws thousands of spectators over certain rallying weekends. Circuit racing is also present in the country with Ireland having only one international venue, Mondello Park in County Kildare which formerly hosted rounds of several international events and still hosts national events today.
Kart racing and stock car racing are also a popular forms of circuit racing in Ireland. Motorcycle racing in Ireland is governed by Motorcycling Ireland.
Established in , it is the oldest motorcycle sport federation in the world. Olympic Handball is a minority sport in Ireland, with the Irish Olympic Handball Association acting as the national governing body.
Orienteering in Ireland is regulated by the Irish Orienteering Association. Irish orienteers compete at all levels, sometimes reaching the finals at the World Orienteering Championships.
The sport of pitch and putt originated in Cork in the s, and was developed throughout Ireland during the s. Tennis, badminton, racquetball and squash are common in Ireland.
In Tennis, Tennis Ireland is the governing body and runs several competitions between the approximately clubs throughout Ireland.
Ireland competes in tennis internationally in the Davis Cup men's and the Fed Cup ladies. Badminton in Ireland is run by the BUI. Irish Road Bowling is an ancient sport.
Similar sports are played in the Netherlands, Germany and Italy and since the s there have been international championships held with athletes participating from these countries.
Rowing is an Olympic Sport which is regulated by Rowing Ireland. During the winter there are Head of the River Races processional timed races and during the summer there are Regattas side by side racing.
Rugby league in Ireland is governed by Rugby League Ireland , which runs the Irish Elite League known as the Carnegie League for sponsorship purposes ,  which is the top level rugby league competition in Ireland.
There are approximately 20 teams across Ulster , Munster and Leinster. It is made up predominantly of players based in Great Britain.
Events are organised by the various clubs on the coasts and on the reservoirs and lakes. Snooker and pool hold some interest in Ireland,  with media coverage of most major international tournaments.
Target shooting in Ireland comprises a number of disciplines. Ireland has had representation at international target shooting competitions, including the Olympic Games.
The triathlon , as well as the duathlon , pentathlon , and decathlon , are gaining interest in Ireland. The Modern Pentathlon Association of Ireland was set up in Adventure racing also takes place in Ireland.
The majority of adventure races in Ireland fall into what's often called multisport, with run, cycle and kayak stages in events like WAR Wicklow Adventure Race and Gaelforce West, which are won in under 4 hours.
There are also a few longer international-style adventure races lasting 24 hours and 36 hours, events like Beast of Ballyhoura and Cooley Raid.
Ireland, being an island on the western edge of Europe and on the continental shelf , is well-suited for recreational diving activities such as scuba diving and snorkelling.
The dive season in Ireland generally starts around March and ends around October. As of October , underwater hockey is the only underwater sport being practised.
This activity is limited to the Republic of Ireland where regional competition takes place in both Dublin and Cork.
Irish national teams have played internationally with attendance at European championships. Water sports practiced in Ireland include canoeing , swimming, surfing , diving , water polo , sailing, and kayaking.
Whilst many people participate in these, few do so competitively. Ireland has had only one Olympic medalist in swimming, Michelle Smith , and her medals have since been tarnished by drug allegations.
The National Aquatic Centre was opened in Ireland in and held the European SC Championships in December — the first time the country hosted such a competition.
At the competition, Ireland won its first medal at the European SC Championships ever, a silver in the m breaststroke by Andrew Bree.
Swim Ireland is the national governing body of swimming in Ireland. The Ski Club of Ireland is the national snowsports centre for Ireland, and consists of four outdoor dry slopes in Kilternan , Dublin.
A team representing Ireland has competed at the Winter Olympic Games since Baseball is an emerging sport in Ireland. On a club level, baseball is organized through Baseball Ireland, which operates an adult league established in with teams in Dublin, Greystones and Belfast.
Irish baseball was the subject of an award-winning documentary The Emerald Diamond in Basketball is overseen by Basketball Ireland.
The sport receives small amounts of media attention, with a few games broadcast on television annually. Basketball is mainly driven by school, college and club support.
The Irish Ice Hockey League comprises a number of amateur teams from both sides of the border. Softball in Ireland can be traced back as far as , with the first organised competition, the Dublin Softball League, taking place in The Irish Softball Association is the governing body of softball in Ireland and is responsible for the running of tournaments, Leagues, development and international competition in both co-ed slowpitch and ladies fastpitch softball.
The National Team Co-Ed has competed at European level since , with the best results being Silver in and Volleyball has men's, women's, schools' and beach-volleyball participants.
The sport is governed by the Volleyball Association of Ireland. Club volleyball is played in several divisions both North and South. Men and Women's club teams can compete in the national league.
For women, there are three divisions: Division 2, Division 1, and Premier. For men, there are only two divisions: Division 1 and Premier. Beach volleyball tournaments also run during the Summer months.
The Volleyball Association of Ireland VAI also run school competitions throughout the school year: a first and second year competition, a cadette competition, a senior competition, and a general schools competition.
Spikeball tournaments are also held around the country throughout the school year. The various GAA discipline finals are the largest sporting events regularly held in Ireland, in both terms of attendance and media coverage.
It usually attracts a sell out crowd of 82, to croke park. The games are organised every year from a local level, where hundreds of thousands of young people compete in different disciplines such as athletics, swimming, and cycling, in the first half of the year.
Winners progress to county level, and then to the Community Games finals. The finals are held over two weekends in the summer where over 3, children sleep over at a campus-style facility.
On an international level, Ireland has had mixed fortunes, with some successes in the late 20th and early 21st century in rugby union , horse racing , show jumping , amateur boxing , and golf.
Twenty four Irish people have won Olympic medals as of At the Summer Olympics , Ireland had one of its smallest contingents in its history at the games, with only individuals participating.
This was due to the strict policy followed by the Olympic Council of Ireland of only allowing A time athletes and swimmers to attend the games.
This prevented several sportspeople from competing. One of the biggest international events in Ireland is international soccer. In rugby union, as of September , Ireland's national team was ranked 1st in the world.
The traditional Gaelic games of Gaelic football and hurling are played by Irish expats, with increasingly local involvement in communities around the world, however no nation has enough players to compete with Ireland.
To compensate for this the GAA has entered into a partnership with the Australian Football League Australian rules football and plays a hybrid annual series called International rules football — this series has been going in various forms since Also the GAA plays an international hurling hybrid match with Scotland's national shinty team although Ireland do not select players from the best hurling teams in Tier One of the All-Ireland championship for this game.
In , Ireland hosted the Ryder Cup Matches. Until the late 20th century, it was only used for Gaelic games and concerts. International soccer and rugby in the Republic of Ireland are played at the 52, capacity Aviva Stadium.
Built on the site of the former Lansdowne Road , this all-seated stadium was opened in May Thomond Park , a rugby ground in Limerick, has been rebuilt into a modern 26,capacity stadium, though not all-seated.
Ireland has three Olympic-sized swimming pools — two of which are open to the public. Ireland has several large horse and greyhound tracks such as Fairyhouse.
Plans to develop a Northern Ireland stadium at the site of the former Maze prison in County Antrim to cater for Gaelic games, rugby and soccer were scrapped in after opposition from unionists and soccer fans.
All-Ireland competitions in both Gaelic Football and Hurling take place each year in which all of the island's 32 counties compete to be crowned All-Ireland champions with the finals usually taking place in the month of September.
After the popularity of gaelic games comes soccer and rugby which have quickly gained in popularly over the years most of all rugby of which has enjoyed great success in the last few years.
Irish provincial rugby is now fully professional and has witnessed significant success since the turn of the century with the provinces of Munster and Leinster, in particular, being crowned champions of Europe on five occasions.
The other provincial sides of Ulster and Connacht have also proved competitive in European competitions. Local club rugby remains the heartbeat of the national game and acts as a feeder system for the Irish provinces.
The Irish national side has also been competitive on the international scene over recent times in the top five in the world , and claimed the coveted Six Nations Grand Slam title in Association Football Soccer.
Domestic soccer in the Republic of Ireland comprises a league system and is governed by the Football Association of Ireland.
Unlike rugby, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland are governed by two separate associations. In the Republic, the League of Ireland comprises two divisions - the Premier Division and the First Division - with an 'A' league acting as the third tier.
The league is made up clubs from across the country. Shamrock Rovers are the country's most successful domestic club with 17 titles followed by Shelbourne and Bohemians.
Other notable clubs include St. The republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland also field national soccer teams which compete on the international stage with Irish soccer fans being noteworthy worldwide for their undying support.
Both the national republic of Ireland soccer team and national rugby team play their home matches at the Aviva Stadium in Dublin. Golf in Ireland.
Aside from team sports Ireland is also world renowned for golf and its wide variety of scenic and challenging golf courses whether it be a links or parkland course.
The Irish coastline is dotted with challenging links courses carved out from the natural coastal landscape which has attracted some the world's best golfers and even the odd US President, former President Bill Clinton known to have regular trips to Ireland and, in particular, to Lahinch Golf Club in County Clare.
Another popular sport and sporting pastime in Ireland is the world of greyhound and horseracing both popular sporting attractions providing exciting fun days out.
Of the two, horseracing is the most popular and most internationally renowned. Ireland is home to the major horse breeding operation of Coolmore and Irish horses, jockeys and trainers continue to reach unprecedented success on the world stage.
For horseracing enthusiasts the main race courses are the Curragh, Leopardstown and Fairyhouse which run national hunt and flat racing throughout the calendar year.
Aside from Ireland's many spectator sports offering fun days out, for the sports and activity minded visitor there is much more fun to be had than just watching a match or a trip to a racecourse.
Throughout Ireland there are many sporting clubs supporting a number of lesser known sports and catering to all manner of land and water based activities.
Along popular coastal areas there are all manner of water sports and water based activities available in the summertime which range from sailing to surfing to deep sea diving.
With its natural landscape comprising of coastal areas, mountains and valleys it is unsurprising that Ireland offers a whole host of activities and outdoor pursuit options for the adventurous and active minded.
Starting on foot the magnificent outdoor scenery offers great hillwalking, intense hiking and leisurely walks and ambling opportunities with many noted walks and specialwalking festivals held throughout the country.Rugby, Pferderennen, GAA: Leidenschaft und Leistung kennzeichnen den Sport in Irland. Beginnen Sie Ihre Reise in die Welt des irischen Sports – von Irlands. Sport wird in Irland groß geschrieben. So ziehen die Iren Mannschaftssportarten, wie zum Beispiel Rugby vor. Ebenfalls beliebt sind Wassersportarten. Bei letzteren erfreuen sich „Gaelic Football“ (eine Mischung aus Fußball und Rugby) und „Hurling“ (eine der schnellsten Mannschaftssportarten. Sport wird in Irland groß geschrieben: zu den beliebtesten Sportarten zählen Rugby, Gaelic Football, Golf, Reiten, Surfen und Wandern. Die Iren lieben Sport, vor allem ihren eigenen: Die sogeannten Gaelic Games, besonders Gaelic Football und Hurling - Sportarten mit.
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From the archives. Archive: Glens beat Ports to win Irish Cup in Archive: Ballymena conquer Larne to seal sixth Irish Cup success in I governi irlandesi hanno spesso auspicato una pacifica riunificazione dell'isola e hanno cooperato con la Gran Bretagna per dissipare i violenti conflitti fra i gruppi paramilitari nell'Irlanda del Nord, conosciuti come i Troubles.
Alcuni degli ambienti tipici irlandesi: le verdi midlands , le regioni dei laghi e delle torbiere, la costa occidentale ricca di scogliere o piena di isole.
Le temperature variano da regione a regione. Le piogge sono frequentissime, con alcune regioni che arrivano a giorni di pioggia all'anno.
Le lingue ufficiali sono l' irlandese e l' inglese , considerato costituzionalmente seconda lingua ufficiale. I segnali stradali sono bilingui, tranne che nelle zone Gaeltacht , dove sono soltanto in irlandese; i media nazionali spesso usano la lingua irlandese.
I Nomadi Irlandesi o Viaggiatori Travellers , chiamati anche calderai tinkers nel linguaggio popolare, sono un gruppo etnico di minoranza, collegato politicamente ma non etnicamente ai gruppi nomadi dell'Europa continentale come i Rom.
La Costituzione dell'Irlanda stabilisce, all'articolo 8, che il gaelico irlandese , in quanto lingua nazionale, sia la prima lingua ufficiale, e come tale viene insegnata in tutte le scuole.
L'articolo 25 prevede, inoltre, che per i testi di legge approvati in una sola delle lingue ufficiali debba essere fatta una traduzione ufficiale nell'altra lingua.
Fino al le leggi erano pubblicate sia in irlandese sia in inglese. I segnali stradali sono generalmente bilingui, tranne che nelle regioni Gaeltacht dove sono esclusivamente in gaelico.
Gran parte delle pubblicazioni del governo sono disponibili in entrambe le lingue e i cittadini hanno il diritto di trattare con lo Stato in irlandese.
Altre lingue parlate in Irlanda includono lo Shelta , parlato dalla popolazione irlandese dei Traveller e un dialetto scozzese parlato da alcuni discendenti di coloni scozzesi nell'Ulster.
La maggior parte degli studenti della scuola secondaria sceglie uno o due lingue straniere da imparare. Le lingue disponibili per il Junior Certificate e il Leaving Certificate comprendono francese , tedesco , italiano e spagnolo.
Con il Leaving Certificate gli studenti possono anche studiare l' arabo , giapponese e russo. Alcune scuole offrono anche il greco antico , ebraico antico e latino.
L'Irlanda ha un sistema giuridico di tipo common law con una Costituzione scritta che ne sancisce lo statuto di democrazia parlamentare. I processi per reati gravi devono essere tenuti in genere davanti a una giuria.
Salvo che in circostanze eccezionali, le udienze devono avvenire in pubblico. I giudici penali operano nella Corte di giustizia penale.
Le leggi irlandesi sulla cittadinanza riguardano " l'isola d'Irlanda " inclusi isole e mari , in modo da estendere la loro applicazione anche all' Irlanda del Nord , che fa parte del Regno Unito.
Man a mano che i Regni gaelici si scioglievano o venivano assoggettati dalla Corona Britannica, la suddivisione adottata fu quella delle contee.
Dopo la Guerra d'Indipendenza, la Repubblica amministrava 26 delle contee tradizionali mentre l'Irlanda del Nord era formata da 6 contee dell' Ulster , le ben note Six Counties.
Anche la Contea di Tipperary fu divisa in South e North, rendendo formale una divisione de facto da sempre esistita. Le contee erano pertanto 29 con 5 consigli cittadini autonomi.
Delle quattro province d'Irlanda, che non hanno alcuna rilevanza politica o amministrativa, la Repubblica d'Irlanda ne occupa interamente tre, ovvero Leinster , Munster e Connacht , mentre dell'ultima, l' Ulster , possiede tre contee soltanto.
Le cure d'emergenza al pronto soccorso sono fornite a un costo di euro. Chiunque sia in possesso di una tessera sanitaria Europea, ha il diritto al mantenimento e al trattamento medico presso gli ospedali pubblici dell'Health Service Executive.
I servizi ambulatoriali sono forniti gratuitamente. Oltre 70 militari irlandesi hanno partecipato in operazioni di peacekeeping delle Nazioni Unite intorno al mondo.
La sede centrale si trova nel Phoenix Park di Dublino. Gli agenti in uniforme normalmente non portano armi da fuoco, ma solo un manganello.
La candidatura alla carica per essere valida deve ottenere l'appoggio di venti parlamentari o di quattro contee o dello stesso presidente uscente: queste condizioni hanno talvolta permesso il preventivo accordo di tutti i partiti su di un'unica candidatura, fatto che ha permesso, secondo il dettato costituzionale, la nomina diretta senza il passaggio elettorale.
Quindi, fino al termine del mandato avvenuto nel , l'Irlanda ha avuto un presidente donna ininterrottamente per 21 anni. Il 27 ottobre si sono svolte le elezioni presidenziali per eleggere il successore della presidente Mary McAleese.
Il candidato laburista Michael D. La bandiera fu adottata la prima volta nel durante la rivolta della Giovane Irlanda, invece non venne sventolata durante la Sollevazione di Pasqua del La bandiera fu adottata ufficialmente nel con lo Stato Libero d'Irlanda e nel ricevette valore costituzionale.
Nell' Irlanda del Nord la bandiera irlandese viene esposta dai gruppi nazionalisti che chiedono l'indipendenza dal Regno Unito e l'annessione alla Repubblica.
L'arpa figura da sempre anche nelle monete sia nei vecchi punt che negli attuali euro e negli atti ufficiali, oltre che nello stendardo presidenziale.
Molti, erroneamente, lo scambiano per un quadrifoglio , simbolo di fortuna, che non ha a che vedere con la tradizione irlandese. Molte teorie cercano di spiegare la sua origine.
Per far accettare la nuova religione, San Patrizio sovrappose il cerchio solare alla croce, simbolo del cristianesimo. Nel diversi economisti hanno inserito l'Irlanda nel gruppo dei paesi PIIGS , quelli particolarmente a rischio di insolvenza nell'area Euro.
Sebbene le esportazioni siano ancora l'elemento di maggior traino per l'economia irlandese, quest'ultima beneficia molto anche dell'aumento nei consumi interni e dalla ripresa nelle costruzioni e negli investimenti industriali.
La ragione risiede nella detassazione dei diritti d'autore , per cui la Repubblica irlandese viene scelta come base per la commercializzazione in tutto il mondo di molti prodotti protetti da copyright, come la musica e, appunto, i programmi informatici.
Il Paese ha tre principali aeroporti internazionali: Dublino, Shannon e Cork. Questi servono una vasta gamma di rotte europee e intercontinentali, con voli di linea e charter.
Il servizio Enterprise, gestito in collaborazione con le ferrovie dell'Irlanda del Nord, collega Dublino con Belfast.
Dublino ha una rete di trasporto pubblico in costante miglioramento e offre servizi come la DART , Luas e servizi di autobus e rete ferroviaria in espansione.
Le strade principali e le autostrade sono gestite dalla National Roads Authority. Il turismo rappresenta una ricchezza crescente che registra un numero sempre maggiore di presenze.
Le principali mete tuttora sono Dublino e le zone costiere. I canali navigabili sono anch'essi usati a scopo turistico, con lo svolgimento di crociere.
In Irlanda si possono trovare differenti tipi di habitat , come ad esempio quello della prateria , la boscaglia, le foreste temperate , le distese di conifere , le paludi e vari ambienti costieri.
Alcune specie come la volpe rossa , il riccio , l' ermellino e il tasso sono molto comuni, mentre delle altre, come il cervo europeo , la lepre artica e la martora , lo sono meno e possono essere viste quasi solamente in parchi naturali o riserve sparse per l'isola.
Alcune specie che sono state introdotte si sono perfettamente ambientate, ad esempio il coniglio , ed il topo domestico.
Il primo caso di avvistamento di un tricheco in Irlanda risale al Le specie che si sono estinte sull'isola sono il lupo , il cervo gigante , il castoro , l' orso , il gatto selvatico , l' alca impenne ed alcune razze di animali d'allevamento nativi dell'isola.
In Irlanda sono state avvistate circa specie di uccelli, di cui molte sono migratorie. Si possono vedere per esempio gli uccelli artici, che arrivano in inverno, e le rondini che arrivano d'estate dall' Africa per riprodursi.
L'Irlanda possiede inoltre una ricca avifauna marina, che si stabilisce in grandi e diffuse colonie di uccelli acquatici lungo le sue coste, come quelle nelle Saltee islands , nelle Skellig Michael e nelle Copeland islands.
La lucertola sembra avere una distribuzione uniforme e ampia su tutto il territorio nazionale, in zona costiere, paludose e montagnose, dando luogo a molti avvistamenti.
Per quanto riguarda gli anfibi, tre sono quelli avvistati, la rana comune, il tritone comune e una specie di rospo : il Bufo calamita. Certe specie di tartaruga marina appaiono regolarmente al largo delle coste sud-occidentali, ma non vengono a riva quasi mai.
Alcune delle specie non native dell'isola sono state introdotte accidentalmente durante gli approdi delle navi. Durante il vennero fatte un totale di retate nell'Irishlyre Harbour, e vennero trovati centinaia di questi gasteropodi.
L'Irlanda costituisce l' habitat per numerose specie di piante in generale e alcune di esse si trovano solo in questa parte dell'isola.
Per quanto riguarda la flora marina, le alghe sono diffuse, e trovano nell'isola un clima di tipo temperato-freddo. Le varie specie sono: Rhodophyta : ; Heterokontophyta : ; Chloropyta : ; Cyanophyta : 31, dando come totale La cultura irlandese , infatti, vanta un'evoluzione che attraversa un arco di diversi secoli e parte sin dai tempi preistorici.
Shaw, Yeats, Beckett e Heaney sono stati insigniti del premio Nobel per la letteratura. Anche il rock deve molto ai musicisti irlandesi: i Cranberries , gli U2 , con grandi successi, tra i quali il singolo One , i Pogues , i Thin Lizzy , Rory Gallagher , Gary Moore , i God Is an Astronaut e Bob Geldof , che provengono infatti dall'isola, senza dimenticare il gruppo dark underground dei Virgin Prunes.
Sono da citare anche The Corrs , gruppo pop-rock ; la boyband irlandese per eccellenza, i Boyzone , nata negli anni novanta, i Westlife , i The Script.
Damien Rice e Lisa Hannigan provengono entrambi dalla provincia del Leinster. E ancora tra le altri cantanti irlandesi spicca Niamh Kavanagh. Tra gli esponenti del mondo scientifico irlandese ricordiamo Ernest Walton del Trinity College di Dublino, insignito del premio Nobel per la fisica per le scoperte sulla fissione dell'atomo.
Chiamata dai celti "corim", nel a.Menu di navigazione Strumenti personali Accesso non effettuato discussioni contributi registrati entra. Association football soccer is the most popular team pursuit for males Martin Klizan 8. These sports include show jumpingeventingdressageendurance ridingpara-equestrianpolo and carriage driving. Lo Sport in Irlanda non ha un valore intrinseco. Domestic soccer in the Republic of Ireland comprises a league system and is governed by the Football Association of Ireland.